Search Host Controller Service in "Starting" state

On my SharePoint 2013 developer machine I had an issue with the Search Service.

On the "Services on Server" page, the "Search Host Controller Service" showed the status "Starting". After some googling on Bing, I found a post on the Microsoft Forum. Thanks to "SPJeff" here is the solution:

Copy the following script to a new .ps1 file and execute it within the SharePoint PowerShell console (run as (Farm-) Administrator):

$acl = Get-Acl HKLM:\System\CurrentControlSet\Control\ComputerName
$person = [System.Security.Principal.NTAccount]"Users"
$access = [System.Security.AccessControl.RegistryRights]::FullControl
$inheritance = [System.Security.AccessControl.InheritanceFlags]"ContainerInherit, ObjectInherit"
$propagation = [System.Security.AccessControl.PropagationFlags]::None
$type = [System.Security.AccessControl.AccessControlType]::Allow
$rule = New-Object System.Security.AccessControl.RegistryAccessRule($person, $access, $inheritance, $propagation, $type)
Set-Acl HKLM:\System\CurrentControlSet\Control\ComputerName $acl

$sh = Get-SPServiceInstance | ? {$_.TypeName -eq "Search Host Controller Service"}

After a reboot everything is now working as expected: